Today there are many of the precious and semiprecious gemstones that are used for enhancing the beauty of expensive and cool jewelry. These enhance the beauty of wearer of the jewelry and add attraction to the cool trendy clothing as well.
1- Diamonds: Diamonds are the most used gem stone which can enhance the beauty of any jewelry and the person who is wearing that jewel. They were first mined in India.
2- Amber: It is an ancient organic gemstone. It is rarely available and is composed of tree resin that has hardened over time. The stone must be at least 1 million years old to be classified as amber.
3- Amethyst: It is a precious gemstone which belongs to the family of quartz. It is known for its beautiful purple hue, which can range in tone from light to dark.
4- Emerald: It is among the three main precious gemstones along with rubies and sapphires. It is known for its beauty of green to bluish green color.
5- Jade: It is beautiful gemstone which is mostly available in green color. It may also be available in lots of other colors which are uncommon. It is sometimes referred to as “stones of heaven”.
6- Jasper: It is a beautiful gemstone of the chalcedony family that comes in a variety of colors. Commonly jasper is a gemstone that features unique and interesting patterns within the colored stone.
7- Quartz: It is available in various colors and sizes and refers to a family of crystalline gemstones.
8- Ruby: These are known for their intense red color, and are among the most highly valued precious gemstones. According to the language Sanskrit, the word for ruby is “Ratnaraj”, meaning “king of precious stones.”
9- Sapphire: It is available in several colors. But the most popular form of sapphire is blue sapphire, which is known for its medium to deep blue color and strong saturation.
10- Turquoise: It is precious gemstone which is only found at few places on earth. It is also available in various attractive colors and designs.
There are some of the other types of gemstones which are common. Pearls, coral, and amber are the organic gemstones which are produced by living organisms.